HE brethren, the Jews that be at
Jerusalem and in the land of Judea, wish unto the brethren, the
Jews that are throughout Egypt, health and peace:
God be gracious unto you, and remember his covenant that he made
with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, his faithful servants;
And give you all an heart to serve him, and to do his will, with a
good courage and a willing mind;
And open your hearts in his law and commandments, and send you
And hear your prayers, and be at one with you, and never forsake
you in time of trouble.
And now we be here praying for you.
What time as Demetrius reigned, in the hundred threescore and ninth
year, we the Jews wrote unto you in the extremity of trouble that
came upon us in those years, from the time that Jason and his
company revolted from the holy land and kingdom,
And burned the porch, and shed innocent blood: then we prayed unto
the Lord, and were heard; we offered also sacrifices and fine
flour, and lighted the lamps, and set forth the loaves.
And now see that ye keep the feast of tabernacles in the month
10 In the hundred fourscore and eighth year, the people that
were at Jerusalem and in Judea, and the council, and Judas, sent
greeting and health unto Aristobulus, king Ptolemeus' master,
who was of the stock of the anointed priests, and to the Jews that
were in Egypt:
11 Insomuch as God hath delivered us from great perils, we
thank him highly, as having been in battle against a king.
12 For he cast them out that fought within the holy
13 For when the leader was come into Persia, and the army
with him that seemed invincible, they were slain in the temple of
Nanea by the deceit of Nanea's priests.
14 For Antiochus, as though he would marry her, came into
the place, and his friends that were with him, to receive money in
name of a dowry.
15 Which when the priests of Nanea had set forth, and he was
entered with a small company into the compass of the temple, they
shut the temple as soon as Antiochus was come in:
16 And opening a privy door of the roof, they threw stones
like thunderbolts, and struck down the captain, hewed them in
pieces, smote off their heads, and cast them to those that were
17 Blessed be our God in all things, who hath delivered up
18 Therefore whereas we are now purposed to keep the
purification of the temple upon the five and twentieth day of the
month Casleu, we thought it necessary to certify you thereof, that
ye also might keep it, as the feast of the tabernacles, and of the
fire, which was given us when Neemias offered sacrifice, after that
he had builded the temple and the altar.
19 For when our fathers were led into Persia, the priests
that were then devout took the fire of the altar privily, and hid
it in an hollow place of a pit without water, where they kept it
sure, so that the place was unknown to all men.
20 Now after many years, when it pleased God, Neemias, being
sent from the king of Persia, did send of the posterity of those
priests that had hid it to the fire: but when they told us they
found no fire, but thick water;
21 Then commanded he them to draw it up, and to bring it;
and when the sacrifices were lud on, Neemias commanded the priests
to sprinkle the wood and the things laid thereupon with the
22 When this was done, and the time came that the sun shone,
which afore was hid in the cloud, there was a great fire kindled,
so that every man marvelled.
23 And the priests made a prayer whilst the sacrifice was
consuming, I say, both the priests, and all the rest, Jonathan
beginning, and the rest answering thereunto, as Neemias did.
24 And the prayer was after this manner; O Lord, Lord God,
Creator of all things, who art fearful and strong, and righteous,
and merciful, and the only and gracious King,
25 The only giver of all things, the only just, almighty,
and everlasting, thou that deliverest Israel from all trouble, and
didst choose the fathers, and sanctify them:
26 Receive the sacrifice for thy whole people Israel, and
preserve thine own portion, and sanctify it.
27 Gather those together that are scattered from us, deliver
them that serve among the heathen, look upon them that are despised
and abhorred, and let the heathen know that thou art our God.
28 Punish them that oppress us, and with pride do us
29 Plant thy people again in thy holy place, as Moses hath
30 And the priests sung psalms of thanksgiving.
31 Now when the sacrifice was consumed, Neemias commanded
the water that was left to be poured on the great stones.
32 When this was done, there was kindled a flame: but it was
consumed by the light that shined from the altar.
33 So when this matter was known, it was told the king of
Persia, that in the place where the priests that were led away had
hid the fire, there appeared water, and that Neemias had purified
the sacrifices therewith.
34 Then the king, inclosing the place, made it holy, after
he had tried the matter.
35 And the king took many gifts, and bestowed thereof on
those whom he would gratify.
36 And Neemias called this thing Naphthar, which is as much
as to say, a cleansing: but many men call it Nephi.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 1: | Verses: 36 |
Words: 934 ]
T is also found in the records, that
Jeremy the prophet commanded them that were carried away to take of
the fire, as it hath been signified:
And how that the prophet, having given them the law, charged them
not to forget the commandments of the Lord, and that they should
not err in their minds, when they see images of silver and gold,
with their ornaments.
And with other such speeches exhorted he them, that the law should
not depart from their hearts.
It was also contained in the same writing, that the prophet, being
warned of God, commanded the tabernacle and the ark to go with him,
as he went forth into the mountain, where Moses climbed up, and saw
the heritage of God.
And when Jeremy came thither, he found an hollow cave, wherein he
laid the tabernacle, and the ark, and the altar of incense, and so
stopped the door.
And some of those that followed him came to mark the way, but they
could not find it.
Which when Jeremy perceived, he blamed them, saying, As for that
place, it shall be unknown until the time that God gather his
people again together, and receive them unto mercy.
Then shall the Lord shew them these things, and the glory of the
Lord shall appear, and the cloud also, as it was shewed under
Moses, and as when Solomon desired that the place might be
It was also declared, that he being wise offered the sacrifice of
dedication, and of the finishing of the temple.
10 And as when Moses prayed unto the Lord, the fire came
down from heaven, and consumed the sacrifices: even so prayed
Solomon also, and the fire came down from heaven, and consumed the
11 And Moses said, Because the sin offering was not to be
eaten, it was consumed.
12 So Solomon kept those eight days.
13 The same things also were reported in the writings and
commentaries of Neemias; and how he founding a library gathered
together the acts of the kings, and the prophets, and of David, and
the epistles of the kings concerning the holy gifts.
14 In like manner also Judas gathered together all those
things that were lost by reason of the war we had, and they remain
15 Wherefore if ye have need thereof, send some to fetch
them unto you.
16 Whereas we then are about to celebrate the purification,
we have written unto you, and ye shall do well, if ye keep the same
17 We hope also, that the God, that delivered all his
people, and gave them all an heritage, and the kingdom, and the
priesthood, and the sanctuary,
18 As he promised in the law, will shortly have mercy upon
us, and gather us together out of every land under heaven into the
holy place: for he hath delivered us out of great troubles, and
hath purified the place.
19 Now as concerning Judas Maccabeus, and his brethren, and
the purification of the great temple, and the dedication of the
20 And the wars against Antiochus Epiphanes, and Eupator his
21 And the manifest signs that came from heaven unto those
that behaved themselves manfully to their honour for Judaism: so
that, being but a few, they overcame the whole country, and chased
22 And recovered again the temple renowned all the world
over, and freed the city, and upheld the laws which were going
down, the Lord being gracious unto them with all favour:
23 All these things, I say, being declared by Jason of
Cyrene in five books, we will assay to abridge in one volume.
24 For considering the infinite number, and the difficulty
which they find that desire to look into the narrations of the
story, for the variety of the matter,
25 We have been careful, that they that will read may have
delight, and that they that are desirous to commit to memory might
have ease, and that all into whose hands it comes might have
26 Therefore to us, that have taken upon us this painful
labour of abridging, it was not easy, but a matter of sweat and
27 Even as it is no ease unto him that prepareth a banquet,
and seeketh the benefit of others: yet for the pleasuring of many
we will undertake gladly this great pains;
28 Leaving to the author the exact handling of every
particular, and labouring to follow the rules of an abridgment.
29 For as the master builder of a new house must care for
the whole building; but he that undertaketh to set it out, and
paint it, must seek out fit things for the adorning thereof: even
so I think it is with us.
30 To stand upon every point, and go over things at large,
and to be curious in particulars, belongeth to the first author of
31 But to use brevity, and avoid much labouring of the work,
is to be granted to him that will make an abridgment.
32 Here then will we begin the story: only adding thus much
to that which hath been said, that it is a foolish thing to make a
long prologue, and to be short in the story itself.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 2: | Verses: 32 |
Words: 869 ]
OW when the holy city was inhabited
with all peace, and the laws were kept very well, because of the
godliness of Onias the high priest, and his hatred of
It came to pass that even the kings themselves did honour the
place, and magnify the temple with their best gifts;
Insomuch that Seleucus king of Asia of his own revenues bare all
the costs belonging to the service of the sacrifices.
But one Simon of the tribe of Benjamin, who was made governor of
the temple, fell out with the high priest about disorder in the
And when he could not overcome Onias, he gat him to Apollonius the
son of Thraseas, who then was governor of Celosyria and
And told him that the treasury in Jerusalem was full of infinite
sums of money, so that the multitude of their riches, which did not
pertain to the account of the sacrifices, was innumerable, and that
it was possible to bring all into the king's hand.
Now when Apollonius came to the king, and had shewed him of the
money whereof he was told, the king chose out Heliodorus his
treasurer, and sent him with a commandment to bring him the
So forthwith Heliodorus took his journey, under a colour of
visiting the cities of Celosyria and Phenice, but indeed to fulfil
the king's purpose.
And when he was come to Jerusalem, and had been courteously
received of the high priest of the city, he told him what
intelligence was given of the money, and declared wherefore he
came, and asked if these things were so indeed.
10 Then the high priest told him that there was such money
laid up for the relief of widows and fatherless children:
11 And that some of it belonged to Hircanus son of Tobias, a
man of great dignity, and not as that wicked Simon had misinformed:
the sum whereof in all was four hundred talents of silver, and two
hundred of gold:
12 And that it was altogether impossible that such wrongs
should be done unto them, that had committed it to the holiness of
the place, and to the majesty and inviolable sanctity of the
temple, honoured over all the world.
13 But Heliodorus, because of the king's commandment
given him, said, That in any wise it must be brought into the
14 So at the day which he appointed he entered in to order
this matter: wherefore there was no small agony throughout the
15 But the priests, prostrating themselves before the altar
in their priests' vestments, called unto heaven upon him that
made a law concerning things given to be kept, that they should
safely be preserved for such as had committed them to be kept.
16 Then whoso had looked the high priest in the face, it
would have wounded his heart: for his countenance and the changing
of his colour declared the inward agony of his mind.
17 For the man was so compassed with fear and horror of the
body, that it was manifest to them that looked upon him, what
sorrow he had now in his heart.
18 Others ran flocking out of their houses to the general
supplication, because the place was like to come into contempt.
19 And the women, girt with sackcloth under their breasts,
abounded in the streets, and the virgins that were kept in ran,
some to the gates, and some to the walls, and others looked out of
20 And all, holding their hands toward heaven, made
21 Then it would have pitied a man to see the falling down
of the multitude of all sorts, and the fear of the high priest,
being in such an agony,
22 They then called upon the Almighty Lord to keep the
things committed of trust safe and sure for those that had
23 Nevertheless Heliodorus executed that which was
24 Now as he was there present himself with his guard about
the treasury, the Lord of spirits, and the Prince of all power,
caused a great apparition, so that all that presumed to come in
with him were astonished at the power of God, and fainted, and were
25 For there appeared unto them an horse with a terrible
rider upon him, and adorned with a very fair covering, and he ran
fiercely, and smote at Heliodorus with his forefeet, and it seemed
that he that sat upon the horse had complete harness of gold.
26 Moreover two other young men appeared before him, notable
in strength, excellent in beauty, and comely in apparel, who stood
by him on either ride, and scourged him continually, and gave him
many sore stripes.
27 And Heliodorus fell suddenly unto the ground, and was
compassed with great darkness: but they that were with him took him
up, and put him into a litter.
28 Thus him, that lately came with a great train and with
all his guard into the said treasury, they carried out, being
unable to help himself with his weapons: and manifestly they
acknowledged the power of God:
29 For he by the hand of God was cast down, and lay
speechless without all hope of life.
30 But they praised the Lord, that had miraculously honoured
his own place: for the temple, which a little afore was full of
fear and trouble, when the Almighty Lord appeared, was filled with
joy and gladness.
31 Then straightways certain of Heliodorus' friends
prayed Onias, that he would call upon the most High to grant him
his life, who lay ready to give up the ghost.
32 So the high priest, suspecting lest the king should
misconceive that some treachery had been done to Heliodorus by the
Jews, offered a sacrifice for the health of the man,
33 Now as the high priest was making an atonement, the same
young men in the same clothing appeared and stood beside
Heliodorus, saying, Give Onias the high priest great thanks,
insomuch as for his sake the Lord hath granted thee life:
34 And seeing that thou hast been scourged from heaven,
declare unto all men the mighty power of God. And when they had
spoken these words, they appeared no more.
35 So Heliodorus, after he had offered sacrifice unto the
Lord, and made great vows unto him that had saved his life, and
saluted Onias, returned with his host to the king.
36 Then testified he to all men the works of the great God,
which he had seen with his eyes.
37 And when the king asked Heliodorus, who might be a fit
man to be sent yet once again to Jerusalem, he said,
38 If thou hast any enemy or traitor, send him thither, and
thou shalt receive him well scourged, if he escape with his life:
for in that place, no doubt, there is an especial power of God.
39 For he that dwelleth in heaven hath his eye on that
place, and defendeth it; and he beateth and destroyeth them that
come to hurt it.
40 And the things concerning Heliodorus, and the keeping of
the treasury, fell out on this sort,
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 3: | Verses: 40 |
Words: 1178 ]
HIS Simon now, of whom we spake
afore, having been a bewrayer of the money, and of his country,
slandered Onias, as if he had terrified Heliodorus, and been the
worker of these evils.
Thus was he bold to call him a traitor, that had deserved well of
the city, and tendered his own nation, and was so zealous of the
But when their hatred went so far, that by one of Simon's
faction murders were committed,
Onias seeing the danger of this contention, and that Apollonius, as
being the governor of Celosyria and Phenice, did rage, and increase
He went to the king, not to be an accuser of his countrymen, but
seeking the good of all, both publick and private:
For he saw that it was impossible that the state should continue
quiet, and Simon leave his folly, unless the king did look
But after the death of Seleucus, when Antiochus, called Epiphanes,
took the kingdom, Jason the brother of Onias laboured underhand to
be high priest,
Promising unto the king by intercession three hundred and
threescore talents of silver, and of another revenue eighty
Beside this, he promised to assign an hundred and fifty more, if he
might have licence to set him up a place for exercise, and for the
training up of youth in the fashions of the heathen, and to write
them of Jerusalem by the name of Antiochians.
10 Which when the king had granted, and he had gotten into
his hand the rule, he forthwith brought his own nation to the
11 And the royal privileges granted of special favour to the
Jews by the means of John the father of Eupolemus, who went
ambassador to Rome for amity and aid, he took away; and putting
down the governments which were according to the law, he brought up
new customs against the law:
12 For he built gladly a place of exercise under the tower
itself, and brought the chief young men under his subjection, and
made them wear a hat.
13 Now such was the height of Greek fashions, and increase
of heathenish manners, through the exceeding profaneness of Jason,
that ungodly wretch, and no high priest;
14 That the priests had no courage to serve any more at the
altar, but despising the temple, and neglecting the sacrifices,
hastened to be partakers of the unlawful allowance in the place of
exercise, after the game of Discus called them forth;
15 Not setting by the honours of their fathers but liking
the glory of the Grecians best of all.
16 By reason whereof sore calamity came upon them: for they
had them to be their enemies and avengers, whose custom they
followed so earnestly, and unto whom they desired to be like in all
17 For it is not a light thing to do wickedly against the
laws of God: but the time following shall declare these things.
18 Now when the game that was used every fifth year was kept
at Tyrus, the king being present,
19 This ungracious Jason sent special messengers from
Jerusalem, who were Antiochians, to carry three hundred drachms of
silver to the sacrifice of Hercules, which even the bearers thereof
thought fit not to bestow upon the sacrifice, because it was not
convenient, but to be reserved for other charges.
20 This money then, in regard of the sender, was appointed
to Hercules' sacrifice; but because of the bearers thereof, it
was employed to the making of gallies.
21 Now when Apollonius the son of Menestheus was sent into
Egypt for the coronation of king Ptolemeus Philometor, Antiochus
understanding him not to be well affected to his affairs, provided
for his own safety: whereupon he came to Joppe, and from thence to
22 Where he was honourably received of Jason, and of the
city, and was brought in with torchlight, and with great shoutings:
and so afterward went with his host unto Phenice.
23 Three years afterward Jason sent Menelaus the aforesaid
Simon's brother, to bear the money unto the king, and to put
him in mind of certain necessary matters.
24 But he being brought to the presence of the king, when he
had magnified him for the glorious appearance of his power, got the
priesthood to himself, offering more than Jason by three hundred
talents of silver.
25 So he came with the king's mandate, bringing nothing
worthy the high priesthood, but having the fury of a cruel tyrant,
and the rage of a savage beast.
26 Then Jason, who had undermined his own brother, being
undermined by another, was compelled to flee into the country of
27 So Menelaus got the principality: but as for the money
that he had promised unto the king, he took no good order for it,
albeit Sostratus the ruler of the castle required it:
28 For unto him appertained the gathering of the customs.
Wherefore they were both called before the king.
29 Now Menelaus left his brother Lysimachus in his stead in
the priesthood; and Sostratus left Crates, who was governor of the
30 While those things were in doing, they of Tarsus and
Mallos made insurrection, because they were given to the king's
concubine, called Antiochis.
31 Then came the king in all haste to appease matters,
leaving Andronicus, a man in authority, for his deputy.
32 Now Menelaus, supposing that he had gotten a convenient
time, stole certain vessels of gold out of the temple, and gave
some of them to Andronicus, and some he sold into Tyrus and the
cities round about.
33 Which when Onias knew of a surety, he reproved him, and
withdrew himself into a sanctuary at Daphne, that lieth by
34 Wherefore Menelaus, taking Andronicus apart, prayed him
to get Onias into his hands; who being persuaded thereunto, and
coming to Onias in deceit, gave him his right hand with oaths; and
though he were suspected by him, yet persuaded he him to come forth
of the sanctuary: whom forthwith he shut up without regard of
35 For the which cause not only the Jews, but many also of
other nations, took great indignation, and were much grieved for
the unjust murder of the man.
36 And when the king was come again from the places about
Cilicia, the Jews that were in the city, and certain of the Greeks
that abhorred the fact also, complained because Onias was slain
37 Therefore Antiochus was heartily sorry, and moved to
pity, and wept, because of the sober and modest behaviour of him
that was dead.
38 And being kindled with anger, forthwith he took away
Andronicus his purple, and rent off his clothes, and leading him
through the whole city unto that very place, where he had committed
impiety against Onias, there slew he the cursed murderer. Thus the
Lord rewarded him his punishment, as he had deserved.
39 Now when many sacrileges had been committed in the city
by Lysimachus with the consent of Menelaus, and the bruit thereof
was spread abroad, the multitude gathered themselves together
against Lysimachus, many vessels of gold being already carried
40 Whereupon the common people rising, and being filled with
rage, Lysimachus armed about three thousand men, and began first to
offer violence; one Auranus being the leader, a man far gone in
years, and no less in folly.
41 They then seeing the attempt of Lysimachus, some of them
caught stones, some clubs, others taking handfuls of dust, that was
next at hand, cast them all together upon Lysimachus, and those
that set upon them.
42 Thus many of them they wounded, and some they struck to
the ground, and all of them they forced to flee; but as for the
church robber himself, him they killed beside the treasury.
43 Of these matters therefore there was an accusation laid
44 Now when the king came to Tyrus three men that were sent
from the senate pleaded the cause before him:
45 But Menelaus, being now convicted, promised Ptolemee the
son of Dorymenes to give him much money, if he would pacify the
king toward him.
46 Whereupon Ptolemee taking the king aside into a certain
gallery, as it were to take the air, brought him to be of another
47 Insomuch that he discharged Menelaus from the
accusations, who notwithstanding was cause of all the mischief: and
those poor men, who, if they had told their cause, yea, before the
Scythians, should have been judged innocent, them he condemned to
48 Thus they that followed the matter for the city, and for
the people, and for the holy vessels, did soon suffer unjust
49 Wherefore even they of Tyrus, moved with hatred of that
wicked deed, caused them to be honourably buried.
50 And so through the covetousness of them that were of
power Menelaus remained still in authority, increasing in malice,
and being a great traitor to the citizens.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 4: | Verses: 50 |
Words: 1471 ]
BOUT the same time Antiochus prepared
his second voyage into Egypt:
And then it happened, that through all the city, for the space
almost of forty days, there were seen horsemen running in the air,
in cloth of gold, and armed with lances, like a band of
And troops of horsemen in array, encountering and running one
against another, with shaking of shields, and multitude of pikes,
and drawing of swords, and casting of darts, and glittering of
golden ornaments, and harness of all sorts.
Wherefore every man prayed that that apparition might turn to
Now when there was gone forth a false rumour, as though Antiochus
had been dead, Jason took at the least a thousand men, and suddenly
made an assault upon the city; and they that were upon the walls
being put back, and the city at length taken, Menelaus fled into
But Jason slew his own citizens without mercy, not considering that
to get the day of them of his own nation would be a most unhappy
day for him; but thinking they had been his enemies, and not his
countrymen, whom he conquered.
Howbeit for all this he obtained not the principality, but at the
last received shame for the reward of his treason, and fled again
into the country of the Ammonites.
In the end therefore he had an unhappy return, being accused before
Aretas the king of the Arabians, fleeing from city to city, pursued
of all men, hated as a forsaker of the laws, and being had in
abomination as an open enemy of his country and countrymen, he was
cast out into Egypt.
Thus he that had driven many out of their country perished in a
strange land, retiring to the Lacedemonians, and thinking there to
find succour by reason of his kindred:
10 And he that had cast out many unburied had none to mourn
for him, nor any solemn funerals at all, nor sepulchre with his
11 Now when this that was done came to the king's ear,
he thought that Judea had revolted: whereupon removing out of Egypt
in a furious mind, he took the city by force of arms,
12 And commanded his men of war not to spare such as they
met, and to slay such as went up upon the houses.
13 Thus there was killing of young and old, making away of
men, women, and children, slaying of virgins and infants.
14 And there were destroyed within the space of three whole
days fourscore thousand, whereof forty thousand were slain in the
conflict; and no fewer sold than slain.
15 Yet was he not content with this, but presumed to go into
the most holy temple of all the world; Menelaus, that traitor to
the laws, and to his own country, being his guide:
16 And taking the holy vessels with polluted hands, and with
profane hands pulling down the things that were dedicated by other
kings to the augmentation and glory and honour of the place, he
gave them away.
17 And so haughty was Antiochus in mind, that he considered
not that the Lord was angry for a while for the sins of them that
dwelt in the city, and therefore his eye was not upon the
18 For had they not been formerly wrap in many sins, this
man, as soon as he had come, had forthwith been scourged, and put
back from his presumption, as Heliodorus was, whom Seleucus the
king sent to view the treasury.
19 Nevertheless God did not choose the people for the
place's sake, but the place for the people's sake.
20 And therefore the place itself, that was partaker with
them of the adversity that happened to the nation, did afterward
communicate in the benefits sent from the Lord: and as it was
forsaken in the wrath of the Almighty, so again, the great Lord
being reconciled, it was set up with all glory.
21 So when Antiochus had carried out of the temple a
thousand and eight hundred talents, he departed in all haste unto
Antiochia, weening in his pride to make the land navigable, and the
sea passable by foot: such was the haughtiness of his mind.
22 And he left governors to vex the nation: at Jerusalem,
Philip, for his country a Phrygian, and for manners more barbarous
than he that set him there;
23 And at Garizim, Andronicus; and besides, Menelaus, who
worse than all the rest bare an heavy hand over the citizens,
having a malicious mind against his countrymen the Jews.
24 He sent also that detestable ringleader Apollonius with
an army of two and twenty thousand, commanding him to slay all
those that were in their best age, and to sell the women and the
25 Who coming to Jerusalem, and pretending peace, did
forbear till the holy day of the sabbath, when taking the Jews
keeping holy day, he commanded his men to arm themselves.
26 And so he slew all them that were gone to the celebrating
of the sabbath, and running through the city with weapons slew
27 But Judas Maccabeus with nine others, or thereabout,
withdrew himself into the wilderness, and lived in the mountains
after the manner of beasts, with his company, who fed on herbs
continually, lest they should be partakers of the pollution.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 5: | Verses: 27 |
Words: 884 ]
OT long after this the king sent an
old man of Athens to compel the Jews to depart from the laws of
their fathers, and not to live after the laws of God:
And to pollute also the temple in Jerusalem, and to call it the
temple of Jupiter Olympius; and that in Garizim, of Jupiter the
Defender of strangers, as they did desire that dwelt in the
The coming in of this mischief was sore and grievous to the
For the temple was filled with riot and revelling by the Gentiles,
who dallied with harlots, and had to do with women within the
circuit of the holy places, and besides that brought in things that
were not lawful.
The altar also was filled with profane things, which the law
Neither was it lawful for a man to keep sabbath days or ancient
feasts, or to profess himself at all to be a Jew.
And in the day of the king's birth every month they were
brought by bitter constraint to eat of the sacrifices; and when the
feast of Bacchus was kept, the Jews were compelled to go in
procession to Bacchus, carrying ivy.
Moreover there went out a decree to the neighbour cities of the
heathen, by the suggestion of Ptolemee, against the Jews, that they
should observe the same fashions, and be partakers of their
And whoso would not conform themselves to the manners of the
Gentiles should be put to death. Then might a man have seen the
10 For there were two women brought, who had circumcised
their children; whom when they had openly led round about the city,
the babes hanging at their breasts, they cast them down headlong
from the wall.
11 And others, that had run together into caves near by, to
keep the sabbath day secretly, being discovered to Philip, were all
burnt together, because they made a conscience to help themselves
for the honour of the most sacred day.
12 Now I beseech those that read this book, that they be not
discouraged for these calamities, but that they judge those
punishments not to be for destruction, but for a chastening of our
13 For it is a token of his great goodness, when wicked
doers are not suffered any long time, but forthwith punished.
14 For not as with other nations, whom the Lord patiently
forbeareth to punish, till they be come to the fullness of their
sins, so dealeth he with us,
15 Lest that, being come to the height of sin, afterwards he
should take vengeance of us.
16 And therefore he never withdraweth his mercy from us: and
though he punish with adversity, yet doth he never forsake his
17 But let this that we have spoken be for a warning unto
us. And now will we come to the declaring of the matter in few
18 Eleazar, one of the principal scribes, an aged man, and
of a well favoured countenance, was constrained to open his mouth,
and to eat swine's flesh.
19 But he, choosing rather to die gloriously, than to live
stained with such an abomination, spit it forth, and came of his
own accord to the torment,
20 As it behoved them to come, that are resolute to stand
out against such things, as are not lawful for love of life to be
21 But they that had the charge of that wicked feast, for
the old acquaintance they had with the man, taking him aside,
besought him to bring flesh of his own provision, such as was
lawful for him to use, and make as if he did eat of the flesh taken
from the sacrifice commanded by the king;
22 That in so doing he might be delivered from death, and
for the old friendship with them find favour.
23 But he began to consider discreetly, and as became his
age, and the excellency of his ancient years, and the honour of his
gray head, whereunto he was come, and his most honest education
from a child, or rather the holy law made and given by God:
therefore he answered accordingly, and willed them straightways to
send him to the grave.
24 For it becometh not our age, said he, in any wise to
dissemble, whereby many young persons might think that Eleazar,
being fourscore years old and ten, were now gone to a strange
25 And so they through mine hypocrisy, and desire to live a
little time and a moment longer, should be deceived by me, and I
get a stain to mine old age, and make it abominable.
26 For though for the present time I should be delivered
from the punishment of men: yet should I not escape the hand of the
Almighty, neither alive, nor dead.
27 Wherefore now, manfully changing this life, I will shew
myself such an one as mine age requireth,
28 And leave a notable example to such as be young to die
willingly and courageously for the honourable and holy laws. And
when he had said these words, immediately he went to the
29 They that led him changing the good will they bare him a
little before into hatred, because the foresaid speeches proceeded,
as they thought, from a desperate mind.
30 But when he was ready to die with stripes, he groaned,
and said, It is manifest unto the Lord, that hath the holy
knowledge, that whereas I might have been delivered from death, I
now endure sore pains in body by being beaten: but in soul am well
content to suffer these things, because I fear him.
31 And thus this man died, leaving his death for an example
of a noble courage, and a memorial of virtue, not only unto young
men, but unto all his nation.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 6: | Verses: 31 |
Words: 961 ]
T came to pass also, that seven
brethren with their mother were taken, and compelled by the king
against the law to taste swine's flesh, and were tormented with
scourges and whips.
But one of them that spake first said thus, What wouldest thou ask
or learn of us? we are ready to die, rather than to transgress the
laws of our fathers.
Then the king, being in a rage, commanded pans and caldrons to be
Which forthwith being heated, he commanded to cut out the tongue of
him that spake first, and to cut off the utmost parts of his body,
the rest of his brethren and his mother looking on.
Now when he was thus maimed in all his members, he commanded him
being yet alive to be brought to the fire, and to be fried in the
pan: and as the vapour of the pan was for a good space dispersed,
they exhorted one another with the mother to die manfully, saying
The Lord God looketh upon us, and in truth hath comfort in us, as
Moses in his song, which witnessed to their faces, declared,
saying, And he shall be comforted in his servants.
So when the first was dead after this manner, they brought the
second to make him a mocking stock: and when they had pulled off
the skin of his head with the hair, they asked him, Wilt thou eat,
before thou be punished throughout every member of thy body?
But he answered in his own language, and said, No. Wherefore he
also received the next torment in order, as the former did.
And when he was at the last gasp, he said, Thou like a fury takest
us out of this present life, but the King of the world shall raise
us up, who have died for his laws, unto everlasting life.
10 After him was the third made a mocking stock: and when he
was required, he put out his tongue, and that right soon, holding
forth his hands manfully,
11 And said courageously, These I had from heaven; and for
his laws I despise them; and from him I hope to receive them
12 Insomuch that the king, and they that were with him,
marvelled at the young man's courage, for that he nothing
regarded the pains.
13 Now when this man was dead also, they tormented and
mangled the fourth in like manner.
14 So when he was ready to die he said thus, It is good,
being put to death by men, to look for hope from God to be raised
up again by him: as for thee, thou shalt have no resurrection to
15 Afterward they brought the fifth also, and mangled
16 Then looked he unto the king, and said, Thou hast power
over men, thou art corruptible, thou doest what thou wilt; yet
think not that our nation is forsaken of God;
17 But abide a while, and behold his great power, how he
will torment thee and thy seed.
18 After him also they brought the sixth, who being ready to
die said, Be not deceived without cause: for we suffer these things
for ourselves, having sinned against our God: therefore marvellous
things are done unto us.
19 But think not thou, that takest in hand to strive against
God, that thou shalt escape unpunished.
20 But the mother was marvellous above all, and worthy of
honourable memory: for when she saw her seven sons slain within the
space of one day, she bare it with a good courage, because of the
hope that she had in the Lord.
21 Yea, she exhorted every one of them in her own language,
filled with courageous spirits; and stirring up her womanish
thoughts with a manly stomach, she said unto them,
22 I cannot tell how ye came into my womb; for I neither
gave you breath nor life, neither was it I that formed the members
of every one of you;
23 But doubtless the Creator of the world, who formed the
generation of man, and found out the beginning of all things, will
also of his own mercy give you breath and life again, as ye now
regard not your own selves for his laws' sake.
24 Now Antiochus, thinking himself despised, and suspecting
it to be a reproachful speech, whilst the youngest was yet alive,
did not only exhort him by words, but also assured him with oaths,
that he would make him both a rich and a happy man, if he would
turn from the laws of his fathers; and that also he would take him
for his friend, and trust him with affairs.
25 But when the young man would in no case hearken unto him,
the king called his mother, and exhorted her that she would counsel
the young man to save his life.
26 And when he had exhorted her with many words, she
promised him that she would counsel her son.
27 But she bowing herself toward him, laughing the cruel
tyrant to scorn, spake in her country language on this manner; O my
son, have pity upon me that bare thee nine months in my womb, and
gave thee suck three years, and nourished thee, and brought thee up
unto this age, and endured the troubles of education.
28 I beseech thee, my son, look upon the heaven and the
earth, and all that is therein, and consider that God made them of
things that were not; and so was mankind made likewise.
29 Fear not this tormentor, but, being worthy of thy
brethren, take thy death, that I may receive thee again in mercy
with thy brethren.
30 Whiles she was yet speaking these words, the young man
said, Whom wait ye for? I will not obey the king's commandment:
but I will obey the commandment of the law that was given unto our
fathers by Moses.
31 And thou, that hast been the author of all mischief
against the Hebrews, shalt not escape the hands of God.
32 For we suffer because of our sins.
33 And though the living Lord be angry with us a little
while for our chastening and correction, yet shall he be at one
again with his servants.
34 But thou, O godless man, and of all other most wicked, be
not lifted up without a cause, nor puffed up with uncertain hopes,
lifting up thy hand against the servants of God:
35 For thou hast not yet escaped the Judgment of Almighty
God, who seeth all things.
36 For our brethren, who now have suffered a short pain are
dead under God's covenant of everlasting life: but thou,
through the judgment of God, shalt receive just punishment for thy
37 But I, as my brethren, offer up my body and life for the
laws of our fathers, beseeching God that he would speedily be
merciful unto our nation; and that thou by torments and plagues
mayest confess, that he alone is God;
38 And that in me and my brethren the wrath of the Almighty,
which is justly brought upon all our nation, may cease.
39 Then the king, being in a rage, handled him worse than
all the rest, and took it grievously that he was mocked.
40 So this man died undefiled, and put his whole trust in
41 Last of all after the sons the mother died.
42 Let this be enough now to have spoken concerning the
idolatrous feasts, and the extreme tortures.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 7: | Verses: 42 |
Words: 1234 ]
HEN Judas Maccabeus, and they that
were with him, went privily into the towns, and called their
kinsfolks together, and took unto them all such as continue in the
Jews' religion, and assembled about six thousand men.
And they called upon the Lord, that he would look upon the people
that was trodden down of all; and also pity the temple profaned of
And that he would have compassion upon the city, sore defaced, and
ready to be made even with the ground; and hear the blood that
cried unto him,
And remember the wicked slaughter of harmless infants, and the
blasphemies committed against his name; and that he would shew his
hatred against the wicked.
Now when Maccabeus had his company about him, he could not be
withstood by the heathen: for the wrath of the Lord was turned into
Therefore he came at unawares, and burnt up towns and cities, and
got into his hands the most commodious places, and overcame and put
to flight no small number of his enemies.
But specially took he advantage of the night for such privy
attempts, insomuch that the bruit of his manliness was spread every
So when Philip saw that this man increased by little and little,
and that things prospered with him still more and more, he wrote
unto Ptolemeus, the governor of Celosyria and Phenice, to yield
more aid to the king's affairs.
Then forthwith choosing Nicanor the son of Patroclus, one of his
special friends, he sent him with no fewer than twenty thousand of
all nations under him, to root out the whole generation of the
Jews; and with him he joined also Gorgias a captain, who in matters
of war had great experience.
10 So Nicanor undertook to make so much money of the captive
Jews, as should defray the tribute of two thousand talents, which
the king was to pay to the Romans.
11 Wherefore immediately he sent to the cities upon the sea
coast, proclaiming a sale of the captive Jews, and promising that
they should have fourscore and ten bodies for one talent, not
expecting the vengeance that was to follow upon him from the
12 Now when word was brought unto Judas of Nicanor's
coming, and he had imparted unto those that were with him that the
army was at hand,
13 They that were fearful, and distrusted the justice of
God, fled, and conveyed themselves away.
14 Others sold all that they had left, and withal besought
the Lord to deliver them, being sold by the wicked Nicanor before
they met together:
15 And if not for their own sakes, yet for the covenants he
had made with their fathers, and for his holy and glorious
name's sake, by which they were called.
16 So Maccabeus called his men together unto the number of
six thousand, and exhorted them not to be stricken with terror of
the enemy, nor to fear the great multitude of the heathen, who came
wrongfully against them; but to fight manfully,
17 And to set before their eyes the injury that they had
unjustly done to the holy place, and the cruel handling of the
city, whereof they made a mockery, and also the taking away of the
government of their forefathers:
18 For they, said he, trust in their weapons and boldness;
but our confidence is in the Almighty God, who at a beck can cast
down both them that come against us, and also all the world.
19 Moreover he recounted unto them what helps their
forefathers had found, and how they were delivered, when under
Sennacherib an hundred fourscore and five thousand perished.
20 And he told them of the battle that they had in Babylon
with the Galatians, how they came but eight thousand in all to the
business, with four thousand Macedonians, and that the Macedonians
being perplexed, the eight thousand destroyed all hundred and
twenty thousand because of the help that they had from heaven, and
so received a great booty.
21 Thus when he had made them bold with these words, and
ready to die for the laws and the country, he divided his army into
22 And joined with himself his own brethren, leaders of each
band, to wit, Simon, and Joseph, and Jonathan, giving each one
fifteen hundred men.
23 Also he appointed Eleazar to read the holy book: and when
he had given them this watchword, The help of God; himself leading
the first band, he joined battle with Nicanor.
24 And by the help of the Almighty they slew above nine
thousand of their enemies, and wounded and maimed the most part of
Nicanor's host, and so put all to flight;
25 And took their money that came to buy them, and pursued
them far: but lacking time they returned:
26 For it was the day before the sabbath, and therefore they
would no longer pursue them.
27 So when they had gathered their armour together, and
spoiled their enemies, they occupied themselves about the sabbath,
yielding exceeding praise and thanks to the Lord, who had preserved
them unto that day, which was the beginning of mercy distilling
28 And after the sabbath, when they had given part of the
spoils to the maimed, and the widows, and orphans, the residue they
divided among themselves and their servants.
29 When this was done, and they had made a common
supplication, they besought the merciful Lord to be reconciled with
his servants for ever.
30 Moreover of those that were with Timotheus and Bacchides,
who fought against them, they slew above twenty thousand, and very
easily got high and strong holds, and divided among themselves many
spoils more, and made the maimed, orphans, widows, yea, and the
aged also, equal in spoils with themselves.
31 And when they had gathered their armour together, they
laid them up all carefully in convenient places, and the remnant of
the spoils they brought to Jerusalem.
32 They slew also Philarches, that wicked person, who was
with Timotheus, and had annoyed the Jews many ways.
33 Furthermore at such time as they kept the feast for the
victory in their country they burnt Callisthenes, that had set fire
upon the holy gates, who had fled into a little house; and so he
received a reward meet for his wickedness.
34 As for that most ungracious Nicanor, who had brought a
thousand merchants to buy the Jews,
35 He was through the help of the Lord brought down by them,
of whom he made least account; and putting off his glorious
apparel, and discharging his company, he came like a fugitive
servant through the midland unto Antioch, having very great
dishonour, for that his host was destroyed.
36 Thus he, that took upon him to make good to the Romans
their tribute by means of the captives in Jerusalem, told abroad,
that the Jews had God to fight for them, and therefore they could
not be hurt, because they followed the laws that he gave them.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 8: | Verses: 36 |
Words: 1159 ]
BOUT that time came Antiochus with
dishonour out of the country of Persia.
For he had entered the city called Persepolis, and went about to
rob the temple, and to hold the city; whereupon the multitude
running to defend themselves with their weapons put them to flight;
and so it happened, that Antiochus being put to flight of the
inhabitants returned with shame.
Now when he came to Ecbatane, news was brought him what had
happened unto Nicanor and Timotheus.
Then swelling with anger, he thought to avenge upon the Jews the
disgrace done unto him by those that made him flee. Therefore
commanded he his chariot man to drive without ceasing, and to
dispatch the journey, the judgment of God now following him. For he
had spoken proudly in this sort, That he would come to Jerusalem,
and make it a common burying place of the Jews.
But the Lord Almighty, the God of Israel, smote him with an
incurable and invisible plague: for as soon as he had spoken these
words, a pain of the bowels that was remediless came upon him, and
sore torments of the inner parts;
And that most justly: for he had tormented other men's bowels
with many and strange torments.
Howbeit he nothing at all ceased from his bragging, but still was
filled with pride, breathing out fire in his rage against the Jews,
and commanding to haste the journey: but it came to pass that he
fell down from his chariot, carried violently; so that having a
sore fall, all the members of his body were much pained.
And thus he that a little afore thought he might command the waves
of the sea, (so proud was he beyond the condition of man) and weigh
the high mountains in a balance, was now cast on the ground, and
carried in an horse litter, shewing forth unto all the manifest
power of God.
So that the worms rose up out of the body of this wicked man, and
whiles he lived in sorrow and pain, his flesh fell away, and the
filthiness of his smell was noisome to all his army.
10 And the man, that thought a little afore he could reach
to the stars of heaven, no man could endure to carry for his
11 Here therefore, being plagued, he began to leave off his
great pride, and to come to the knowledge of himself by the scourge
of God, his pain increasing every moment.
12 And when he himself could not abide his own smell, he
said these words, It is meet to be subject unto God, and that a man
that is mortal should not proudly think of himself, as if he were
13 This wicked person vowed also unto the Lord, who now no
more would have mercy upon him, Saying thus,
14 That the holy city (to the which he was going in haste,
to lay it even with the ground, and to make it a common
buryingplace,) he would set at liberty:
15 And as touching the Jews, whom he had judged not worthy
so much as to be buried, but to be cast out with their children to
be devoured of the fowls and wild beasts, he would make them all
equals to the citizens of Athens:
16 And the holy temple, which before he had spoiled, he
would garnish with goodly gifts, and restore all the holy vessels
with many more, and out of his own revenue defray the charges
belonging to the sacrifices:
17 Yea, and that also he would become a Jew himself, and go
through all the world that was inhabited, and declare the power of
18 But for all this his pains would not cease: for the just
judgment of God was come upon him: therefore despairing of his
health, he wrote unto the Jews the letter underwritten, containing
the form of a supplication, after this manner:
19 Antiochus, king and governor, to the good Jews his
citizens wisheth much joy, health, and prosperity:
20 If ye and your children fare well, and your affairs be to
your contentment, I give very great thanks to God, having my hope
21 As for me, I was weak, or else I would have remembered
kindly your honour and good will. Returning out of Persia, and
being taken with a grievous disease, I thought it necessary to care
for the common safety of all:
22 Not distrusting mine health, but having great hope to
escape this sickness.
23 But considering that even my father, at what time he led
an army into the high countries, appointed a successor,
24 To the end that, if any thing fell out contrary to
expectation, or if any tidings were brought that were grievous,
they of the land, knowing to whom the state was left, might not be
25 Again, considering how that the princes that are
borderers and neighbours unto my kingdom wait for opportunities,
and expect what shall be the event, I have appointed my son
Antiochus king, whom I often committed and commended unto many of
you, when I went up into the high provinces; to whom I have written
26 Therefore I pray and request you to remember the benefits
that I have done unto you generally, and in special, and that every
man will be still faithful to me and my son.
27 For I am persuaded that he understanding my mind will
favourably and graciously yield to your desires.
28 Thus the murderer and blasphemer having suffered most
grievously, as he entreated other men, so died he a miserable death
in a strange country in the mountains.
29 And Philip, that was brought up with him, carried away
his body, who also fearing the son of Antiochus went into Egypt to
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 9: | Verses: 29 |
Words: 961 ]
OW Maccabeus and his company, the
Lord guiding them, recovered the temple and the city:
But the altars which the heathen had built in the open street, and
also the chapels, they pulled down.
And having cleansed the temple they made another altar, and
striking stones they took fire out of them, and offered a sacrifice
after two years, and set forth incense, and lights, and
When that was done, they fell flat down, and besought the Lord that
they might come no more into such troubles; but if they sinned any
more against him, that he himself would chasten them with mercy,
and that they might not be delivered unto the blasphemous and
Now upon the same day that the strangers profaned the temple, on
the very same day it was cleansed again, even the five and
twentieth day of the same month, which is Casleu.
And they kept eight days with gladness, as in the feast of the
tabernacles, remembering that not long afore they had held the
feast of the tabernacles, when as they wandered in the mountains
and dens like beasts.
Therefore they bare branches, and fair boughs, and palms also, and
sang psalms unto him that had given them good success in cleansing
The ordained also by a common statute and decree, That every year
those days should be kept of the whole nation of the Jews.
And this was the end of Antiochus, called Epiphanes.
10 Now will we declare the acts of Antiochus Eupator, who
was the son of this wicked man, gathering briefly the calamities of
11 So when he was come to the crown, he set one Lysias over
the affairs of his realm, and appointed him chief governor of
Celosyria and Phenice.
12 For Ptolemeus, that was called Macron, choosing rather to
do justice unto the Jews for the wrong that had been done unto
them, endeavoured to continue peace with them.
13 Whereupon being accused of the king's friends before
Eupator, and called traitor at every word, because he had left
Cyprus, that Philometor had committed unto him, and departed to
Antiochus Epiphanes, and seeing that he was in no honourable place
he was so discouraged, that he poisoned himself and died.
14 But when Gorgias was governor of the holds, he hired
soldiers, and nourished war continually with the Jews:
15 And therewithal the Idumeans, having gotten into their
hands the most commodious holds, kept the Jews occupied, and
receiving those that were banished from Jerusalem, they went about
to nourish war.
16 Then they that were with Maccabeus made supplication, and
besought God that he would be their helper; and so they ran with
violence upon the strong holds of the Idumeans,
17 And assaulting them strongly, they won the holds, and
kept off all that fought upon the wall, and slew all that fell into
their hands, and killed no fewer than twenty thousand.
18 And because certain, who were no less than nine thousand,
were fled together into two very strong castles, having all manner
of things convenient to sustain the siege,
19 Maccabeus left Simon and Joseph, and Zaccheus also, and
them that were with him, who were enough to besiege them, and
departed himself unto those places which more needed his help.
20 Now they that were with Simon, being led with
covetousness, were persuaded for money, (through certain of those
that were in the castle,) and took seventy thousand drachms, and
let some of them escape.
21 But when it was told Maccabeus what was done, he called
the governors of the people together, and accused those men, that
they had sold their brethren for money, and set their enemies free
to fight against them.
22 So he slew those that were found traitors, and
immediately took the two castles.
23 And having good success with his weapons in all things
he took in hand, he slew in the two holds more than twenty
24 Now Timotheus, whom the Jews had overcome before, when he
had gathered a great multitude of foreign forces, and horses out of
Asia not a few, came as though he would take Jewry by force of
25 But when he drew near, they that were with Maccabeus
turned themselves to pray unto God, and sprinkled earth upon their
heads, and girded their loins with sackcloth
26 And fell down at the foot of the altar, and besought him
to be merciful to them, and to be an enemy to their enemies, and an
adversary to their adversaries, as the law declareth.
27 So after the prayer they took their weapons, and went on
further from the city: and when they drew near to their enemies,
they kept by themselves.
28 Now the sun being newly risen, they joined both together;
the one part having together with their virtue their refuge also
unto the Lord for a pledge of their success and victory: the other
side making their rage leader of their battle.
29 But when the battle waxed strong, there appeared unto the
enemies from heaven five comely men upon horses, with bridles of
gold, and two of them led the Jews,
30 And took Maccabeus betwixt them, and covered him on every
side with their weapons, and kept him safe, but shot arrows and
lightnings against the enemies: so that being confounded with
blindness, and full of trouble, they were killed.
31 And there were slain of footmen twenty thousand and five
hundred, and six hundred horsemen.
32 As for Timotheus himself, he fled into a very strong
hold, called Gazara, where Chereas was governor.
33 But they that were with Maccabeus laid siege against the
fortress courageously four days.
34 And they that were within, trusting to the strength of
the place, blasphemed exceedingly, and uttered wicked words.
35 Nevertheless upon the fifth day early twenty young men of
Maccabeus' company, inflamed with anger because of the
blasphemies, assaulted the wall manly, and with a fierce courage
killed all that they met withal.
36 Others likewise ascending after them, whiles they were
busied with them that were within, burnt the towers, and kindling
fires burnt the blasphemers alive; and others broke open the gates,
and, having received in the rest of the army, took the city,
37 And killed Timotheus, that was hid in a certain pit, and
Chereas his brother, with Apollophanes.
38 When this was done, they praised the Lord with psalms and
thanksgiving, who had done so great things for Israel, and given
them the victory.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 10: | Verses: 38 |
Words: 1074 ]
OT long after this, Lysias the
king's protector and cousin, who also managed the affairs, took
sore displeasure for the things that were done.
And when he had gathered about fourscore thousand with all the
horsemen, he came against the Jews, thinking to make the city an
habitation of the Gentiles,
And to make a gain of the temple, as of the other chapels of the
heathen, and to set the high priesthood to sale every year:
Not at all considering the power of God, but puffed up with his ten
thousands of footmen, and his thousands of horsemen, and his
So he came to Judea, and drew near to Bethsura, which was a strong
town, but distant from Jerusalem about five furlongs, and he laid
sore siege unto it.
Now when they that were with Maccabeus heard that he besieged the
holds, they and all the people with lamentation and tears besought
the Lord that he would send a good angel to deliver Israel.
Then Maccabeus himself first of all took weapons, exhorting the
others that they would jeopard themselves together with him to help
their brethren: so they went forth together with a willing
And as they were at Jerusalem, appeared before them on horseback
one in white clothing, shaking his armour of gold.
Then they praised the merciful God all together, and took heart,
insomuch that they were ready not only to fight with men, but with
most cruel beasts, and to pierce through walls of iron.
10 Thus they marched forward in their armour, having an
helper from heaven: for the Lord was merciful unto them.
11 And giving a charge upon heir enemies like lions, they
slew eleven thousand footmen, and sixteen hundred horsemen, and put
all the other to flight.
12 Many of them also being wounded escaped naked; and Lysias
himself fled away shamefully, and so escaped.
13 Who, as he was a man of understanding, casting with
himself what loss he had had, and considering that the Hebrews
could not be overcome, because the Almighty God helped them, he
sent unto them,
14 And persuaded them to agree to all reasonable conditions,
and promised that he would persuade the king that he must needs be
a friend unto them.
15 Then Maccabeus consented to all that Lysias desired,
being careful of the common good; and whatsoever Maccabeus wrote
unto Lysias concerning the Jews, the king granted it.
16 For there were letters written unto the Jews from Lysias
to this effect: Lysias unto the people of the Jews sendeth
17 John and Absalon, who were sent from you, delivered me
the petition subscribed, and made request for the performance of
the contents thereof.
18 Therefore what things soever were meet to be reported to
the king, I have declared them, and he hath granted as much as
19 If then ye will keep yourselves loyal to the state,
hereafter also will I endeavour to be a means of your good.
20 But of the particulars I have given order both to these,
and the other that came from me, to commune with you.
21 Fare ye well. The hundred and eight and fortieth year,
the four and twentieth day of the month Dioscorinthius.
22 Now the king's letter contained these words: King
Antiochus unto his brother Lysias sendeth greeting:
23 Since our father is translated unto the gods, our will
is, that they that are in our realm live quietly, that every one
may attend upon his own affairs.
24 We understand also that the Jews would not consent to our
father, for to be brought unto the custom of the Gentiles, but had
rather keep their own manner of living: for the which cause they
require of us, that we should suffer them to live after their own
25 Wherefore our mind is, that this nation shall be in rest,
and we have determined to restore them their temple, that they may
live according to the customs of their forefathers.
26 Thou shalt do well therefore to send unto them, and grant
them peace, that when they are certified of our mind, they may be
of good comfort, and ever go cheerfully about their own
27 And the letter of the king unto the nation of the Jews
was after this manner: King Antiochus sendeth greeting unto the
council, and the rest of the Jews:
28 If ye fare well, we have our desire: we are also in good
29 Menelaus declared unto us, that your desire was to return
home, and to follow your own business:
30 Wherefore they that will depart shall have safe conduct
till the thirtieth day of Xanthicus with security.
31 And the Jews shall use their own kind of meats and laws,
as before; and none of them any manner of ways shall be molested
for things ignorantly done.
32 I have sent also Menelaus, that he may comfort you.
33 Fare ye well. In the hundred forty and eighth year, and
the fifteenth day of the month Xanthicus.
34 The Romans also sent unto them a letter containing these
words: Quintus Memmius and Titus Manlius, ambassadors of the
Romans, send greeting unto the people of the Jews.
35 Whatsoever Lysias the king's cousin hath granted,
therewith we also are well pleased.
36 But touching such things as he judged to be referred to
the king, after ye have advised thereof, send one forthwith, that
we may declare as it is convenient for you: for we are now going to
37 Therefore send some with speed, that we may know what is
38 Farewell. This hundred and eight and fortieth year, the
fifteenth day of the month Xanthicus.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 11: | Verses: 38 |
Words: 936 ]
HEN these covenants were made, Lysias
went unto the king, and the Jews were about their husbandry.
But of the governors of several places, Timotheus, and Apollonius
the son of Genneus, also Hieronymus, and Demophon, and beside them
Nicanor the governor of Cyprus, would not suffer them to be quiet,
and live in peace.
The men of Joppe also did such an ungodly deed: they prayed the
Jews that dwelt among them to go with their wives and children into
the boats which they had prepared, as though they had meant them no
Who accepted of it according to the common decree of the city, as
being desirous to live in peace, and suspecting nothing: but when
they were gone forth into the deep, they drowned no less than two
hundred of them.
When Judas heard of this cruelty done unto his countrymen, he
commanded those that were with him to make them ready.
And calling upon God the righteous Judge, he came against those
murderers of his brethren, and burnt the haven by night, and set
the boats on fire, and those that fled thither he slew.
And when the town was shut up, he went backward, as if he would
return to root out all them of the city of Joppe.
But when he heard that the Jamnites were minded to do in like
manner unto the Jews that dwelt among them,
He came upon the Jamnites also by night, and set fire on the haven
and the navy, so that the light of the fire was seen at Jerusalem
two hundred and forty furlongs off.
10 Now when they were gone from thence nine furlongs in
their journey toward Timotheus, no fewer than five thousand men on
foot and five hundred horsemen of the Arabians set upon him.
11 Whereupon there was a very sore battle; but Judas'
side by the help of God got the victory; so that the Nomades of
Arabia, being overcome, besought Judas for peace, promising both to
give him cattle, and to pleasure him otherwise.
12 Then Judas, thinking indeed that they would be profitable
in many things, granted them peace: whereupon they shook hands, and
so they departed to their tents.
13 He went also about to make a bridge to a certain strong
city, which was fenced about with walls, and inhabited by people of
divers countries; and the name of it was Caspis.
14 But they that were within it put such trust in the
strength of the walls and provision of victuals, that they behaved
themselves rudely toward them that were with Judas, railing and
blaspheming, and uttering such words as were not to be spoken.
15 Wherefore Judas with his company, calling upon the great
Lord of the world, who without any rams or engines of war did cast
down Jericho in the time of Joshua, gave a fierce assault against
16 And took the city by the will of God, and made
unspeakable slaughters, insomuch that a lake two furlongs broad
near adjoining thereunto, being filled full, was seen running with
17 Then departed they from thence seven hundred and fifty
furlongs, and came to Characa unto the Jews that are called
18 But as for Timotheus, they found him not in the places:
for before he had dispatched any thing, he departed from thence,
having left a very strong garrison in a certain hold.
19 Howbeit Dositheus and Sosipater, who were of
Maccabeus' captains, went forth, and slew those that Timotheus
had left in the fortress, above ten thousand men.
20 And Maccabeus ranged his army by bands, and set them over
the bands, and went against Timotheus, who had about him an hundred
and twenty thousand men of foot, and two thousand and five hundred
21 Now when Timotheus had knowledge of Judas' coming, he
sent the women and children and the other baggage unto a fortress
called Carnion: for the town was hard to besiege, and uneasy to
come unto, by reason of the straitness of all the places.
22 But when Judas his first band came in sight, the enemies,
being smitten with fear and terror through the appearing of him
that seeth all things, fled amain, one running this way, another
that way, so as that they were often hurt of their own men, and
wounded with the points of their own swords.
23 Judas also was very earnest in pursuing them, killing
those wicked wretches, of whom he slew about thirty thousand
24 Moreover Timotheus himself fell into the hands of
Dositheus and Sosipater, whom he besought with much craft to let
him go with his life, because he had many of the Jews' parents,
and the brethren of some of them, who, if they put him to death,
should not be regarded.
25 So when he had assured them with many words that he would
restore them without hurt, according to the agreement, they let him
go for the saving of their brethren.
26 Then Maccabeus marched forth to Carnion, and to the
temple of Atargatis, and there he slew five and twenty thousand
27 And after he had put to flight and destroyed them, Judas
removed the host toward Ephron, a strong city, wherein Lysias
abode, and a great multitude of divers nations, and the strong
young men kept the walls, and defended them mightily: wherein also
was great provision of engines and darts.
28 But when Judas and his company had called upon Almighty
God, who with His power breaketh the strength of his enemies, they
won the city, and slew twenty and five thousand of them that were
29 From thence they departed to Scythopolis, which lieth six
hundred furlongs from Jerusalem.
30 But when the Jews that dwelt there had testified that the
Scythopolitans dealt lovingly with them, and entreated them kindly
in the time of their adversity;
31 They gave them thanks, desiring them to be friendly still
unto them: and so they came to Jerusalem, the feast of the weeks
32 And after the feast, called Pentecost, they went forth
against Gorgias the governor of Idumea,
33 Who came out with three thousand men of foot and four
34 And it happened that in their fighting together a few of
the Jews were slain.
35 At which time Dositheus, one of Bacenor's company,
who was on horseback, and a strong man, was still upon Gorgias, and
taking hold of his coat drew him by force; and when he would have
taken that cursed man alive, a horseman of Thracia coming upon him
smote off his shoulder, so that Gorgias fled unto Marisa.
36 Now when they that were with Gorgias had fought long, and
were weary, Judas called upon the Lord, that he would shew himself
to be their helper and leader of the battle.
37 And with that he began in his own language, and sung
psalms with a loud voice, and rushing unawares upon Gorgias'
men, he put them to flight.
38 So Judas gathered his host, and came into the city of
Odollam. And when the seventh day came, they purified themselves,
as the custom was, and kept the sabbath in the same place.
39 And upon the day following, as the a had been, Judas and
his company came to take up the bodies of them that were slain, and
to bury them with their kinsmen in their fathers' graves.
40 Now under the coats of every one that was slain they
found things consecrated to the idols of the Jamnites, which is
forbidden the Jews by the law. Then every man saw that this was the
cause wherefore they were slain.
41 All men therefore praising the Lord, the righteous Judge,
who had opened the things that were hid,
42 Betook themselves unto prayer, and besought him that the
sin committed might wholly be put out of remembrance. Besides, that
noble Judas exhorted the people to keep themselves from sin,
forsomuch as they saw before their eyes the things that came to
pass for the sins of those that were slain.
43 And when he had made a gathering throughout the company
to the sum of two thousand drachms of silver, he sent it to
Jerusalem to offer a sin offering, doing therein very well and
honestly, in that he was mindful of the resurrection:
44 For if he had not hoped that they that were slain should
have risen again, it had been superfluous and vain to pray for the
45 And also in that he perceived that there was great favour
laid up for those that died godly, it was an holy and good thought.
Whereupon he made a reconciliation for the dead, that they might be
delivered from sin.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 12: | Verses: 45 |
Words: 1441 ]
N the hundred forty and ninth year it
was told Judas, that Antiochus Eupator was coming with a great
power into Judea,
And with him Lysias his protector, and ruler of his affairs, having
either of them a Grecian power of footmen, an hundred and ten
thousand, and horsemen five thousand and three hundred, and
elephants two and twenty, and three hundred chariots with
Menelaus also joined himself with them, and with great
dissimulation encouraged Antiochus, not for the safeguard of the
country, but because he thought to have been made governor.
But the King of kings moved Antiochus' mind against this wicked
wretch, and Lysias informed the king that this man was the cause of
all mischief, so that the king commanded to bring him unto Berea,
and to put him to death, as the manner is in that place.
Now there was in that place a tower of fifty cubits high, full of
ashes, and it had a round instrument, which on every side hanged
down into the ashes.
And whosoever was condemned of sacrilege, or had committed any
other grievous crime, there did all men thrust him unto death.
Such a death it happened that wicked man to die, not having so much
as burial in the earth; and that most justly:
For inasmuch as he had committed many sins about the altar, whose
fire and ashes were holy, he received his death in ashes.
Now the king came with a barbarous and haughty mind to do far worse
to the Jews, than had been done in his father's time.
10 Which things when Judas perceived, he commanded the
multitude to call upon the Lord night and day, that if ever at any
other time, he would now also help them, being at the point to be
put from their law, from their country, and from the holy
11 And that he would not suffer the people, that had even
now been but a little refreshed, to be in subjection to the
12 So when they had all done this together, and besought the
merciful Lord with weeping and fasting, and lying flat upon the
ground three days long, Judas, having exhorted them, commanded they
should be in a readiness.
13 And Judas, being apart with the elders determined, before
the king's host should enter into Judea, and get the city, to
go forth and try the matter in fight by the help of the Lord.
14 So when he had committed all to the Creator of the world,
and exhorted his soldiers to fight manfully, even into death, for
the laws, the temple, the city, the country, and the commonwealth,
he camped by Modin:
15 And having given the watchword to them that were about
him, Victory is of God; with the most valiant and choice young men
he went in into the king's tent by night, and slew in the camp
about four thousand men, and the chiefest of the elephants, with
all that were upon him.
16 And at last they filled the camp with fear and tumult,
and departed with good success.
17 This was done in the break of the day, because the
protection of the Lord did help him.
18 Now when the king had taken a taste of the manliness of
the Jews, he went about to take the holds by policy,
19 And marched toward Bethsura, which was a strong hold of
the Jews: but he was put to flight, failed, and lost of his
20 For Judas had conveyed unto them that were in it such
things as were necessary.
21 But Rhodocus, who was in the Jews' host, disclosed
the secrets to the enemies; therefore he was sought out, and when
they had gotten him, they put him in prison.
22 The king treated with them in Bethsura the second tune,
gave his hand, took theirs, departed, fought with Judas, was
23 Heard that Philip, who was left over the affairs in
Antioch, was desperately bent, confounded, intreated the Jews,
submitted himself, and sware to all equal conditions, agreed with
them, and offered sacrifice, honoured the temple, and dealt kindly
with the place,
24 And accepted well of Maccabeus, made him principal
governor from Ptolemais unto the Gerrhenians;
25 Came to Ptolemais: the people there were grieved for the
covenants; for they stormed, because they would make their
26 Lysias went up to the judgment seat, said as much as
could be in defence of the cause, persuaded, pacified, made them
well affected, returned to Antioch. Thus it went touching the
king's coming and departing.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 13: | Verses: 26 |
Words: 759 ]
FTER three years was Judas informed,
that Demetrius the son of Seleucus, having entered by the haven of
Tripolis with a great power and navy,
Had taken the country, and killed Antiochus, and Lysias his
Now one Alcimus, who had been high priest, and had defiled himself
wilfully in the times of their mingling with the Gentiles, seeing
that by no means he could save himself, nor have any more access to
the holy altar,
Came to king Demetrius in the hundred and one and fiftieth year,
presenting unto him a crown of gold, and a palm, and also of the
boughs which were used solemnly in the temple: and so that day he
held his peace.
Howbeit, having gotten opportunity to further his foolish
enterprize, and being called into counsel by Demetrius, and asked
how the Jews stood affected, and what they intended, he answered
Those of the Jews that be called Assideans, whose captain is Judas
Maccabeus, nourish war, and are seditious, and will not let the
realm be in peace.
Therefore I, being deprived of mine ancestors' honour, I mean
the high priesthood, am now come hither;
First, verily for the unfeigned care I have of things pertaining to
the king; and secondly, even for that I intend the good of mine own
countrymen: for all our nation is in no small misery through the
unadvised dealing of them aforesaid.
Wherefore, O king, seeing thou knowest all these things, be careful
for the country, and our nation, which is pressed on every side,
according to the clemency that thou readily shewest unto all.
10 For as long as Judas liveth, it is not possible that the
state should be quiet.
11 This was no sooner spoken of him, but others of the
king's friends, being maliciously set against Judas, did more
12 And forthwith calling Nicanor, who had been master of the
elephants, and making him, governor over Judea, he sent him
13 Commanding him to slay Judas, and to scatter them that
were with him, and to make Alcimus high priest of the great
14 Then the heathen, that had fled out of Judea from Judas,
came to Nicanor by flocks, thinking the harm and calamities of the
Jews to be their welfare.
15 Now when the Jews heard of Nicanor's coming, and that
the heathen were up against them, they cast earth upon their heads,
and made supplication to him that had established his people for
ever, and who always helpeth his portion with manifestation of his
16 So at the commandment of the captain they removed
straightways from thence, and came near unto them at the town of
17 Now Simon, Judas' brother, had joined battle with
Nicanor, but was somewhat discomfited through the sudden silence of
18 Nevertheless Nicanor, hearing of the manliness of them
that were with Judas, and the courageousness that they had to fight
for their country, durst not try the matter by the sword.
19 Wherefore he sent Posidonius, and Theodotus, and
Mattathias, to make peace.
20 So when they bad taken long advisement thereupon, and the
captain had made the multitude acquainted therewith, and it
appeared that they were all of one mind, they consented to the
21 And appointed a day to meet in together by themselves:
and when the day came, and stools were set for either of them,
22 Judas placed armed men ready in convenient places, lest
some treachery should be suddenly practised by the enemies: so they
made a peaceable conference.
23 Now Nicanor abode in Jerusalem, and did no hurt, but sent
away the people that came flocking unto him.
24 And he would not willingly have Judas out of his sight:
for he loved the man from his heart.
25 He prayed him also to take a wife, and to beget children:
so he married, was quiet, and took part of this life.
26 But Alcimus, perceiving the love that was betwixt them,
and considering the covenants that were made, came to Demetrius,
and told him that Nicanor was not well affected toward the state;
for that he had ordained Judas, a traitor to his realm, to be the
27 Then, the king being in a rage, and provoked with the
accusations of the most wicked man, wrote to Nicanor, signifying
that he was much displeased with the covenants, and commanding him
that he should send Maccabeus prisoner in all haste unto
28 When this came to Nicanor's hearing, he was much
confounded in himself, and took it grievously that he should make
void the articles which were agreed upon, the man being in no
29 But because there was no dealing against the king, he
watched his time to accomplish this thing by policy.
30 Notwithstanding, when Maccabeus saw that Nicanor began to
be churlish unto him, and that he entreated him more roughly than
he was wont, perceiving that such sour behaviour came not of good,
he gathered together not a few of his men, and withdrew himself
31 But the other, knowing that he was notably prevented by
Judas' policy, came into the great and holy temple, and
commanded the priests, that were offering their usual sacrifices,
to deliver him the man.
32 And when they sware that they could not tell where the
man was whom he sought,
33 He stretched out his right hand toward the temple, and
made an oath in this manner: If ye will not deliver me Judas as a
prisoner, I will lay this temple of God even with the ground, and I
will break down the altar, and erect a notable temple unto
34 After these words he departed. Then the priests lifted up
their hands toward heaven, and besought him that was ever a
defender of their nation, saying in this manner;
35 Thou, O Lord of all things, who hast need of nothing,
wast pleased that the temple of thine habitation should be among
36 Therefore now, O holy Lord of all holiness, keep this
house ever undefiled, which lately was cleansed, and stop every
37 Now was there accused unto Nicanor one Razis, one of the
elders of Jerusalem, a lover of his countrymen, and a man of very
good report, who for his kindness was called a father of the
38 For in the former times, when they mingled not themselves
with the Gentiles, he had been accused of Judaism, and did boldly
jeopard his body and life with all vehemency for the religion of
39 So Nicanor, willing to declare the hate that he bare unto
the Jews, sent above five hundred men of war to take him:
40 For he thought by taking him to do the Jews much
41 Now when the multitude would have taken the tower, and
violently broken into the outer door, and bade that fire should be
brought to burn it, he being ready to be taken on every side fell
upon his sword;
42 Choosing rather to die manfully, than to come into the
hands of the wicked, to be abused otherwise than beseemed his noble
43 But missing his stroke through haste, the multitude also
rushing within the doors, he ran boldly up to the wall, and cast
himself down manfully among the thickest of them.
44 But they quickly giving back, and a space being made, he
fell down into the midst of the void place.
45 Nevertheless, while there was yet breath within him,
being inflamed with anger, he rose up; and though his blood gushed
out like spouts of water, and his wounds were grievous, yet he ran
through the midst of the throng; and standing upon a steep
46 When as his blood was now quite gone, he plucked out his
bowels, and taking them in both his hands, he cast them upon the
throng, and calling upon the Lord of life and spirit to restore him
those again, he thus died.
[ II Maccabees: Chapter 14: | Verses: 46 |
Words: 1318 ]
UT Nicanor, hearing that Judas and
his company were in the strong places about Samaria, resolved
without any danger to set upon them on the sabbath day.
Nevertheless the Jews that were compelled to go with him said, O
destroy not so cruelly and barbarously, but give honour to that
day, which he, that seeth all things, hath honoured with holiness
above other days.
Then the most ungracious wretch demanded, if there were a Mighty
One in heaven, that had commanded the sabbath day to be kept.
And when they said, There is in heaven a living Lord, and mighty,
who commanded the seventh day to be kept:
Then said the other, And I also am mighty upon earth, and I command
to take arms, and to do the king's business. Yet he obtained
not to have his wicked will done.
So Nicanor in exceeding pride and haughtiness determined to set up
a publick monument of his victory over Judas and them that were
But Maccabeus had ever sure confidence that the Lord would help
Wherefore he exhorted his people not to fear the coming of the
heathen against them, but to remember the help which in former
times they had received from heaven, and now to expect the victory
and aid, which should come unto them from the Almighty.
And so comforting them out of the law and the prophets, and withal
putting them in mind of the battles that they won afore, he made
them more cheerful.
10 And when he had stirred up their minds, he gave them
their charge, shewing them therewithal the falsehood of the
heathen, and the breach of oaths.
11 Thus he armed every one of them, not so much with defence
of shields and spears, as with comfortable and good words: and
beside that, he told them a dream worthy to be believed, as if it
had been so indeed, which did not a little rejoice them.
12 And this was his vision: That Onias, who had been high
priest, a virtuous and a good man, reverend in conversation, gentle
in condition, well spoken also, and exercised from a child in all
points of virtue, holding up his hands prayed for the whole body of
13 This done, in like manner there appeared a man with gray
hairs, and exceeding glorious, who was of a wonderful and excellent
14 Then Onias answered, saying, This is a lover of the
brethren, who prayeth much for the people, and for the holy city,
to wit, Jeremias the prophet of God.
15 Whereupon Jeremias holding forth his right hand gave to
Judas a sword of gold, and in giving it spake thus,
16 Take this holy sword, a gift from God, with the which
thou shalt wound the adversaries.
17 Thus being well comforted by the words of Judas, which
were very good, and able to stir them up to valour, and to
encourage the hearts of the young men, they determined not to pitch
camp, but courageously to set upon them, and manfully to try the
matter by conflict, because the city and the sanctuary and the
temple were in danger.
18 For the care that they took for their wives, and their
children, their brethren, and kinsfolks, was in least account with
them: but the greatest and principal fear was for the holy
19 Also they that were in the city took not the least care,
being troubled for the conflict abroad.
20 And now, when as all looked what should be the trial, and
the enemies were already come near, and the army was set in array,
and the beasts conveniently placed, and the horsemen set in
21 Maccabeus seeing the coming of the multitude, and the
divers preparations of armour, and the fierceness of the beasts,
stretched out his hands toward heaven, and called upon the Lord
that worketh wonders, knowing that victory cometh not by arms, but
even as it seemeth good to him, he giveth it to such as are
22 Therefore in his prayer he said after this manner; O
Lord, thou didst send thine angel in the time of Ezekias king of
Judea, and didst slay in the host of Sennacherib an hundred
fourscore and five thousand:
23 Wherefore now also, O Lord of heaven, send a good angel
before us for a fear an dread unto them;
24 And through the might of thine arm let those be stricken
with terror, that come against thy holy people to blaspheme. And he
25 Then Nicanor and they that were with him came forward
with trumpets and song's.
26 But Judas and his company encountered the enemies with
invocation and prayer.
27 So that fighting with their hands, and praying unto God
with their hearts, they slew no less than thirty and five thousand
men: for through the appearance of God they were greatly
28 Now when the battle was done returning again with joy,
they knew that Nicanor lay dead in his harness.
29 Then they made a great shout and a noise, praising the
Almighty in their own language.
30 And Judas, who was ever the chief defender of the
citizens both in body and mind, and who continued his love toward
his countrymen all his life, commanded to strike off Nicanor's
head, and his hand with his shoulder, and bring them to
31 So when he was there, and had called them of his nation
together, and set the priests before the altar, he sent for them
that were of the tower,
32 And shewed them vile Nicanor's head, and the hand of
that blasphemer, which with proud brags he had stretched out
against the holy temple of the Almighty.
33 And when he had cut out the tongue of that ungodly
Nicanor, he commanded that they should give it by pieces unto the
fowls, and hang up the reward of his madness before the temple.
34 So every man praised toward the heaven the glorious Lord,
saying, Blessed be that hath kept his own place undefiled.
35 He hanged also Nicanor's head upon the tower, an
evident and manifest sign unto all of the help of the Lord.
36 And they ordained all with a common decree in no case to
let that day pass without solemnity, but to celebrate the
thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which in the Syrian tongue is
called Adar, the day before Mardocheus' day.
37 Thus went it with Nicanor: and from that time forth the
Hebrews had the city in their power. And here will I make an
38 And if I have done well, and as is fitting the story, it
is that which I desired: but if slenderly and meanly, it is that
which I could attain unto.
39 For as it is hurtful to drink wine or water alone; and as
wine mingled with water is pleasant, and delighteth the taste: even
so speech finely framed delighteth the ears of them that read the
story. And here shall be an end.